Monthly Archives: August 2009

Restrukturisasi: Ditjen Postel dan Ditjen SKDI dihapus

JAKARTA: Departemen Komunikasi dan Informatika akan merestrukturisasi kelembagaannya, antara lain dengan menghapus Ditjen Pos dan Telekomunikasi (Postel) dan Ditjen Sarana Komunikasi dan Diseminasi Informasi (SKDI).

Menkominfo Mohammad Nuh mengungkapkan seluruh struktur, termasuk Ditjen Postel, Ditjen Aplikasi Telematika, dan Ditjen SKDI akan berubah. “Ini bertujuan agar comply dengan model bisnis yang menuju ke arah konvergensi multimedia,” ungkapnya kepada Bisnis kemarin.

Selama ini, Ditjen Postel adalah lembaga yang mengendalikan sektor telekomunikasi. Penyatuan antara Ditjen Postel dan Ditjen SKDI pada 2004 dalam satu atap disambut baik kalangan industri, terutama industri telekomunikasi dan penyiaran.

Saat itu Masyarakat Telematika (Mastel) Indonesia mengungkapkan menyatunya institusi yang menangani frekuensi dalam satu atap akan mempermudah koordinasi dan perizinan.

Kepala Pusat Informasi dan Humas Depkominfo Gatot S. Dewa Broto menegaskan hal tersebut masih dikaji secara internal sebelum diusulkan kepada Meneg PAN, Menko Perekonomian, dan Presiden.

“Hal tersebut sejalan dengan arah konvergensi multimedia, yang menyatukan sektor telekomunikasi, penyiaran, dan teknologi informasi,” ungkapnya.

Nantinya, Depkominfo akan memiliki empat direktorat jenderal, yaitu Ditjen Kepatuhan, Ditjen Informasi Publik, Ditjen Sumber Daya, dan Ditjen Penyelenggaraan.

Gatot menegaskan meski berubah, fungsi Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia (BRTI) tetap berjalan seperti biasa, yaitu di bawah Menkominfo.

Anggota BRTI Heru Sutadi berharap lembaga itu menjadi lebih kuat dibandingkan dengan kondisi sekarang.

“Fungsinya harus lebih luas dan posisinya harus jelas dan kuat. Perlu adanya perubahan UU Telekomunikasi di mana BRTI seharusnya diangkat melalui Keppres diiringi dengan perubahan nama,” ujarnya.

Disayangkan

Menanggapi rencana peleburan Ditjen Postel di Depkominfo, sejumlah pelaku usaha menyayangkan hal itu.

“Selama ini komposisinya sudah bagus. Industri sudah bisa berjalan dengan baik lewat kebijakan satu pintu. Kini, dengan adanya rencana penghapusan Ditjen Postel justru akan menyulitkan industri dan masyarakat,” ujar Ketua Komite Tetap Telekomunikasi Kadin Johnny Swandy Sjam.

Sementara itu, Sekjen Mastel Mas Wigrantoro Roes Setiadi mengaku masih menunggu perkembangan lebih lanjut dari rencana restrukturisasi itu.

Setyanto Santosa, Ketua Umum Masyarakat Telematika Indonesia (Mastel) mengatakan pergantian nama ataupun peleburan pada dasarnya bukan hal yang mengkhawatirkan bagi pelaku industri selama fungsi regulator tetap ada. (sumber: bisnis.com)

Amerika Serikat sebagai negara termaju didunia ternyata hanya menempati ranking-4 Broadband Economy

Jaringan Broadband telah banyak diramalkan akan membawa kemajuan pesat perekonomian suatu bangsa. Namun di Amerika Serikat sebagai negara termaju didunia belum mampu meningkatkan kecpatan transmisi Broadband seperti yang diharapkan dalam kurun 3-4 tahun yang lalu, dan belum bisa meningkatkan kemajuan ekonomi negeri ini seperti yang diharapkan.

Berikut ini adalah laporan hasil penelitian oleh Faultline tentang kemunduran Broadband AS dan juga prekonomiannya.

We should first go through the recommendations of the report, but readers of Faultline, especially US readers, will be wondering just what it will take to improve this and turn broadband into a commercial tool for US prosperity? Now that’s going to be tough, so perhaps we should leave that until the end.

The report found that between 2007 and 2009, the average download speed in the United States has increased by only 1.6 Mbps, from 3.5 Mbps in 2007 to 5.1 Mbps in 2009. At this rate, it will take the United States 15 years to catch up with current Internet speeds in South Korea, the country with the fastest average Internet connections.

Speed Matters also released a full list of 2009 state rankings and a comparison to the average download and upload speed in 2008. It probably only matters to people living in the US so they can compare their local speeds to other parts of the US, so we won’t republish that here.

However, one of the most compelling pictures is the map it has of the US, and we can immediately see why the US Obama administration has had to reach into the public purse for its Broadband Stimulus package, not only to create jobs to stimulate the economy, but to fill some of the horribly large white spaces on the map.

US broadband mapSpeed Matters map of available US broadband speeds

The report concluded that “Only 20% of those who took the test have Internet speeds in the range of the top-ranked countries – South Korea, Japan and Sweden. 18% do not even meet the FCC definition for current-generation broadband, an always-on Internet connection of at least 768 Kbps downstream.


The data also confirms that where a customer lives is a good indicator of Internet connection speed. With some exceptions, if you live in a Northeastern or Mid-Atlantic state, you are likely to have good high- speed Internet options.

The fastest Internet connections are in Delaware, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Massachusetts and New York, all of which average 8.4 to 9.9 Mbps. The slowest are likely to be in Mississippi, South Carolina, Arkansas, Idaho, Alaska, which average between 2.3 Mbps and 3.7 Mbps

Speed matters also made some international comparisons, ranking the US 28th in the world in average Internet connection speeds. South Korea is at the top end with 20.4 Mbps, four times faster than the US, which also loses out to Japan at 15.8 Mbps, Sweden at 12.8 Mbps, the Netherlands at 11.0 Mbps, and 24 other countries that have faster broadband.

It also ranks the US 15th behind other industrialized nations in the percentage of the population subscribing to broadband, with countries like Canada, Britain, France, Germany, and Sweden with higher broadband subscription percentages than the US.

The report also reminds the US authorities that millions of Americans don’t have and can’t have high speed internet connections, either because of where they live or because of what they earn.

Around 67% of urban and suburban homes have broadband, but only 46% of rural homes have it. Similarly, 88% of Americans who earn over $100,000 a year get broadband, but just 35% where the home earns less than $20,000 subscribe. Only about 54% of middle-income families earning between $30,000 and $40,000 a year subscribe to broadband.

So the Communications Workers of America has come up with a ten point plan, and has called on the US government to establish a national policy goal for broadband, something that European governments did around 4 years back.

It suggests that the goal is to construct an national infrastructure with enough capacity for 10 megabits per second (Mbps) downstream and 1 Mbps upstream by 2010. The policy should also call for a minimum and then rising number of homes that can get 100 Mbps. The next thing is to collect robust and detailed broadband data, rather than leaving it to organizations like Speed Matters, but it accepts that the FCC has improved its broadband data collection program, and federal funds are now available to states to map their broadband infrastructure.


It says that planning should then devolve to local state and regional task forces and that universal service revenues should be spent on broadband, not just on voice. Most advanced countries have a Universal Service Fund, which usually comes from a minor tax on existing lines, which is used to stimulate further advances. The $7.2bn stimulus funding is a good start, but there needs to be a permanent fund, it says.

The next suggestion is for tax incentives for operators that introduce faster internet speeds, which it says is how Japan and South Korea achieved world leadership in broadband, building nearly universal fiber-to the home networks capable of delivering 100 Mbps.

The report then listed key broadband applications which were out of reach. It said that broadband-enabled smart grids and smart meters can cut energy consumption, that online two-way video allows doctors to make virtual house calls and diagnose medical conditions at a distance and that high-speed connections enable students to take courses hundreds of miles away.

But the US is a long way from making these standard experiences, because of the poor condition of the broadband infrastructure. It also says that better and faster data transmission permits fire, police, and emergency personnel to exchange real-time video and data and called on Federal, state, and local policy makers to integrate broadband infrastructure and applications into delivery of education, health, job training, public safety, and other public services.

Which leads neatly to its next point, which is that no US child should be offline. A third of adults in the US do not use the Internet, and most of them do not own a personal computer. Surveys indicate that the biggest barriers to broadband adoption are lack of a computer, high cost of equipment and broadband access, lack of knowledge about how to use the technology, and lack of interest in existing broadband applications.

The federal broadband stimulus grants should provide important models to expand digital literacy, develop public-interest broadband applications and services, and provide affordable computers and broadband access equipment to low-income households.

The report’s next point is that the US must preserve free speech on the Internet and so keep it open, so that people can go where they want and download or upload what they want, when they want, on the Internet. There should be no unreasonable blocking of access to any websites, degradation of service, or censoring any lawful content on the Internet. And yet we still have US telco CEOs mumbling in public about net neutrality and what an evil it is.


The Communications Workers of America then calls on public policies to safeguard consumers and workers. Government should require public reporting of deployment, actual speed, price, and customer service benchmarks. It calls on policymakers to ensure that every American gains access to the benefits of the information age.

But the point it made about broadband in Japan being way faster at the same price is perhaps the most indicative point in forming a new strategy. There’s a lot of importance in that statement. Countries which have similar labor costs to the US, should be able to build out infrastructure at about the same price.

Yet it is actually the competition and the way this has been allowed to prosper in other countries which has made the low prices and the rapid deployment possible. During the Bush administration, the RBOCs were allowed to eliminate CLECs by removing externally set attachment prices.

They were also allowed to dither on long overdue fiber build outs, because they wanted to be sure that CLECs, or anything like them, could not re-emerge. Only in the US could the Courts castrate the decision making of the regulator, leading to a growing unhealthy monopoly of the fixed communications infrastructure.

And to add to all of this, the FCC and Justice Department under the Bush administration thought it was okay for SBC to buy both AT&T and Bellsouth, and recreate something close to the 1980s monopoly monstrosity of AT&T. The US has effectively gone backwards in its communications policies for a dozen years, and the Obama administration has to both catch up that lost 12 years, as well as generate growth going forwards.

What we find disturbing is that the major broadband corporations have spurned the Broadband Stimulus package, electing not to help the call to improved broadband, whilst being prepared to ignore $billions in government aid. They are all making obscene monopoly style profits in- stead of being under the cosh of regulator enforced price falls.

Overall, we look at the 10 point plan of the Communications Workers of America and its Speed Matters campaign and see that it has way too much carrot and not enough stick to get the job done. Without it, the US is destined to continue its slide into a fourth rate broadband economy.

Operating System Android dari Google akan dukung VoIP

Operating System Android buatan Google untuk perangkat-perangkat wireless saat ini telah mendukung aplikasi VoIP seperti Skype untuk sebagian saja karena masih dalam tahap pengembangan. Diharaplak dalam waktu dekat aplikasi penuh Skype akan dapat diterapkan melalui Android yang memungkinkan pengguna Android untuk berkomunikasi suara tanpa bayar untuk percakapan jangka panjang.

Berita ini tentu sangat menyenangkan bagi para pengguna handphone, sebab akan dapat memberikan penghematan besar dalam berkomunikasi. Operator Seluler T-Mobile dari Amerika Serikat yang mendukung Android menyatakan bahwa pihaknya belum meminta Google untuk memblokir layanan Skype melalui Android.

Keputusan tentang boleh-tidaknya penggunaan aplikasi VoIP seperti Skype melalui handphone Android oleh regulator masih belum ada kepastiannya, sebab hal ini akan merubah model bisnis berkomunikasi melalui perangkat komunikasi radio bergerak secara umum.

Pelantikan 6 Pejabat Eselon I DEPKOMINFO

(Jakarta, 21 Agustus 2009). Menteri Kominfo Mohammad Nuh pada tanggal 21 Agustus 2009 sore hari ini baru saja melakukan pelantikan 6 Pejabat Eselon I di lingkungan Departemen Kominfo. Pelantikan ini dihadiri oleh Inspektur Jenderal Departemen Kominfo Agung Widjajadi dan Sekretaris Kementerian Negara Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara Tasdik Kinanto (kedua pejabat tersebut bertindak sebagai saksi yang ditunjuk untuk pelantikan) serta para Pejabat Eselon II Departemen Kominfo, para mitra kerja Departemen Kominfo dan puluhan wartawan dari berbagai media. Keenam pejabat yang dilantik tersebut adalah sebagai berikut:

No.

Nama Pejabat

Jabatan Lama

Jabatan Baru

1.

Dr. Ir. Ashwin Sasongko, M.Sc

Sekretaris Jenderal

Direktur Jenderal

Aplikasi Telematika

2.

Dr. Ir. Basuki Yusuf Iskandar, MA

Direktur Jenderal Pos dan Telekomunikasi

Sekretaris Jenderal

3.

Ir. Cahyana Ahmadjayadi

Direktur Jenderal  Aplikasi Telematika

Kepala Badan Litbang SDM

4.

Drs. Freddy H. Tulung, MUA

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Ekonomi dan Kemitraan dan merangkap sebagai Plt. Direktur Jenderal Sarana Komunikasi dan Diseminasi Informasi

Kepala Badan Informasi Publik

5.

Dr. Suprawoto, SH, M.Si

Kepala Badan Informasi Publik

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Sosial Budaya dan Peran Masyarakat

6.

Aizirman Djusan, MSc. Econ

Kepala Badan Litbang SDM

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Ekonomi dan Kemitraan

Dengan demikian daftar lengkap Pejabat Eselon I Departemen Kominfo adalah sebagai berikut:

No.

Jabatan

Nama Pejabat

1.

Sekretaris Jenderal Dr. Ir. Basuki Yusuf Iskandar, MA

2.

Direktur Jenderal Pos dan Telekomunikasi —– (masih kosong dan akan segera diisi secepatnya)

3.

Direktur Jenderal Sarana Komunikasi dan Diseminasi Informasi —– (masih kosong dan akan segera diisi secepatnya)

4.

Direktur Jenderal Aplikasi Telematika Dr. Ir. Ashwin Sasongko, M.Sc

5.

Inspektur Jenderal Agung Widjajadi

6.

Kepala Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan SDM Ir. Cahyana Ahmadjayadi

7.

Kepala Badan Informasi Publik Drs. Freddy H. Tulung, MUA

8.

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Sosial Budaya dan Peran Masyarakat Dr. Suprawoto, SH, M.Si

9.

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Ekonomi dan Kemitraan Aizirman Djusan, MSc. Econ

10.

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Media Massa Drs. Henry Subiakto, SH, MA

11.

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Hubungan Internasional dan Kesenjangan Digital Dr. Moedjiono, M.Sc.

12.

Staf Ahli Menteri Bidang Hukum Dr. Edmon Makarim, Skom, SH, LLM.

Dalam kata sambutannya, Menteri Kominfo menyatakan, bahwa pergantian ini adalah sesuatu hal yang lazim dan biasa saja, serta dimaksudkan sebagai upaya penyegaran dan membuka peluang munculnya ide-ide baru, yang kesemuanya itu dimaksudkan sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan kinerja dan kelangsungan organisasi. Menyinggung tentang kesan pelantikan yang dilakukan di saat masa bhakti Menteri hanya tinggal sekitar 2 bulan, Menteri Kominfo mengatakan, bahwa bagaimanapun juga yang mengangkat Eselon I adalah Presiden melalui Keputusan Presiden dan Insya Allah Presidennya masih sama untuk sampai dengan 5 tahun ke depan. Di samping itu dikatakannya juga, bahwa untuk sesuatu kebaikan, tidak perlu terjebak dalam batasan waktu, karena menurutnya, seberapapun sisa waktu yang tersedia, kalau itu memang baik dan tidak melanggar peraturan, dimungkinkan dan terbuka untuk dilakukan pergantian.

Dalam kesempatan tersebut, Menteri Kominfo juga mengatakan dalam sambutannya, bahwa ada beberapa tantangan yang harus dirampungkan oleh Departemen Kominfo, antara lain: 1. Penyusunan regulasi baik UU, RPP maupun Permen tentang konsekuensi konvergensi, Internet Protocol Television, TV Digital, Cybercrime, Lawful Interception dan lain-lain; 2. Optimalisasi sumberdaya informatika seperti frekuensi dan penomoran baik dari aspek finansial maupun fungsi sosial; 3. Menciptakan iklim usaha yang kondusif dan mendorong tumbuhnya industri IT dan telekomunikasi yang kreatif; 4. Meningkatkan pemerataan akses informasi dan pemanfaatannya; 5. Melakukan penataan organisasi (restrukturisasi) sebagai jawaban adaptability dengan konvergensi; dan 6. Bersama-sama dengan lembaga lain (KPI) untuk ikut mendorong meningkatkan kualitas penyiaran (sumber: Depkominfo)

Silahkan kirim SMS ke Ruang Angkasa sebelum 24 Agustus 2009

Dalam rangka memperingati Minggu Ilmu Pengetahuan Nasional Australia, maka situs Web http://www.hellofromearth.net menerima kiriman SMS Anda yang ditujukan ke makhluk-makhluk Luar Angkasa yang menghuni Planet Gliese 581d yang berjarak 20-tahun cahaya dari bumi. Planet ini berukuran delapan kali ukuran bumi dan dinamakan “super earth”.

Bagi kawan2 yang tertarik, silahkan kirim berita SMS yang tidak lebih dari 160 huruf ke Situs Web diatas. Berita SMS tersebut akan dikirim keangkasa melalui Kompleks Ruang Angkasa Canberra di desa Tidbinbilla, Australia dengan bantuan NASA paling lambat tanggal 24 Agustus 2004.

Berikut ini adalah contoh berita-berita yang telah dikirim:

“We are a dreamer,with hope,similar like we were regarding ET on Mars. This SMS will go&end up somewhere or not. U wont catch anything. It will be like a fart”

Jusuf

Vienna, Austria

“My name is Mark Weißleder, visit me please! I want to believe.”

Mark Weißleder

Dessau, Germany

“Welcome fellow lifeforms, we’re eager to meet you in some day. Come to our planet in peace and we will bring the same to yours. Greetings from earth!”

Sjors

Rotterdam, Netherlands

“Hello! I hope you hear me :)”

iggy00

St. Petersburg, Russia

“Hi bro. you should show yourself when you come to earth. we have lots of thing to talk, discuss and learn. with warm regards,”

steven.G

jakarta, Indonesia

“Dear Alien, to unsubscribe from planet Earth SPAM please respond with *UNSUBSCRIBE*. Thank You.”

Semoga bermanfaat,

Google akan ganti ke Google File System-II karena meningkatnya beban storage data

As its custom-built file system strains under the weight of an online empire it was never designed to support, Google is brewing a replacement.

In an interview with the Association for Computer Machinery (ACM), Google’s Sean Quinlan says that nearly a decade after its arrival, the Google File System has done things he never thought it would do.

“Its staying power has been nothing short of remarkable given that Google’s operations have scaled orders of magnitude beyond anything the system had been designed to handle, while the application mix Google currently supports is not one that anyone could have possibly imagined back in the late 90s,” says Quinlan, who served as the GFS tech leader for two years and remains at Google as a principal engineer.

But GFS supports some applications better than others. Designed for batch-oriented applications such as web crawling and indexing, it’s all wrong for applications like Gmail or YouTube, meant to serve data to the world’s population in near real-time.

“High sustained bandwidth is more important than low latency,” read the original GPS research paper. “Most of our target applications place a premium on processing data in bulk at a high rate, while few have stringent response-time requirements for an individual read and write.” But this has changed over the past ten years – to say the least – and though Google has worked to build its public-facing apps so that they minimize the shortcomings of GFS, Quinlan and company are now building a new file system from scratch.

With GFS, a master node oversees data spread across a series of distributed chunkservers. Chunkservers, you see, store chunks of data. They’re about 64 megabytes apiece.

The trouble – at least for applications that require low latency – is that there’s only one master. “One GFS shortcoming that this immediately exposed had to do with the original single-master design,” Quinlan says. “A single point of failure may not have been a disaster for batch-oriented applications, but it was certainly unacceptable for latency-sensitive applications, such as video serving.”

In the beginning, GFS even lacked an automatic failover scenario if the master went down. You had to manually restore the master, and service vanished for up to an hour. Automatic failover was later added, but even then, there was a noticeable service outage. According to Quinlan, the lapse started out at several minutes and now it’s down to about 10 seconds.

Which is still too high.

“While these instances – where you have to provide for failover and error recovery – may have been acceptable in the batch situation, they’re definitely not OK from a latency point of view for a user-facing application,” Quinlan explains.

But even when the system is running well, there can be delays. “There are places in the design where we’ve tried to optimize for throughput by dumping thousands of operations into a queue and then just processing through them,” he continues. “That leads to fine throughput, but it’s not great for latency. You can easily get into situations where you might be stuck for seconds at a time in a queue just waiting to get to the head of the queue.”

GFS dovetails well with MapReduce, Google’s distributed data-crunching platform. But it seems that Google has jumped through more than a few hoops to build BigTable, its (near) real-time distributed database. And nowadays, BigTable is taking more of the load.

“Our user base has definitely migrated from being a MapReduce-based world to more of an interactive world that relies on things such as BigTable. Gmail is an obvious example of that. Videos aren’t quite as bad where GFS is concerned because you get to stream data, meaning you can buffer. Still, trying to build an interactive database on top of a file system that was designed from the start to support more batch-oriented operations has certainly proved to be a pain point.”

Google beli Software Kompresi Video ON2 seharga US$106.5 Juta

Google acquires video compression software maker On2 for $106.5 million. While the search engine company noted the importance of video online, Google declined to specify how it will use On2’s assets. The best guess is that Google will support its YouTube video-sharing site with the compression codecs, joining Apple, Adobe and Microsoft in offering video technologies. Are open-source codecs in Google’s cards?Google agreed to video compression software maker On2 Technologies for $106.5 million in stock Aug. 5.

On2’s Video software compresses video in more than 2 billion desktop computers and mobile devices and worldwide for such companies as Adobe, Skype, Nokia, Sun Microsystems, Sony and Brightcove. Such technology would be a fine fit for Google’s leading video-sharing Website YouTube, which it acquired in 2006 for $1.6 billion.

“Today video is an essential part of the Web experience, and we believe high-quality video compression technology should be a part of the Web platform,” said Sundar Pichai, vice president of product management at Google.

Google was mum about how exactly it plans to use the On2 assets, which On2 interim CEO Matt Frost said On2 will continue to improve, support and sell throughout the transition.
“Although we’re not in a position to discuss specific product plans until after the deal closes, we are committed to innovation in video quality on the Web, and we believe that On2 Technologies’ team and technology will help us further that goal,” wrote Jeremy Doig, engineering director for video, and Group Product Manager Mike Jazayeri in a blog post today.

Google will likely use the On2 technology, which promises “faster encoding, easier playback, smaller files, faster download times, reduced streaming delays and lower bandwidth costs without compromising visual quality,” to bolster YouTube. It would be Google’s first buy to fortify YouTube since the company bought video annotation software maker Omnisio in July 2008.

On2 also makes video encoders that output Adobe Flash, Sun’s JavaFX video and H.264 video for Apple’s iPhone and iPod. On2 counts Amazon, Disney and Microsoft as encoding customers.

On2 designs embedded video codec for chip sets and devices such as mobile phones, mobile Internet devices, set-top boxes, games decks, digital TVs and DVD players. Nokia, Samsung and Sony use these technologies.

GigaOm’s Om Malik said the deal makes sense because most companies serious about video own their own video technologies: Apple, Adobe and Microsoft (Silverlight coming).

TechCrunch’s Robin Wauters said Google could open source On2’s VP7 and VP8 video compression codecs as alternatives to the H.264 codecs. This would make sense, given Google’s consistent approach in releasing technologies, such as its Android mobile operating system and Chrome Web browser, as open-source software.

Google said each outstanding share of On2 common stock will be converted into 60 cents’ worth of Google class A common stock, or a 57 percent premium over the 38 cent closing price of On2’s stock from Tuesday’s trading. Google expects to close the deal, subject to regulatory review, in the fourth quarter of this year.